C++ An Introduction: Part 2
ipastrano (30)

Hi! Sorry, but I spaced out and forgot all about this thing on Saturday, so here it is.
As before, if there are questions or comments or errors relating to this post, comment.

The Main function

  • The main function is where most of your code will be(until we get to writing other functions, we will talk about that later.)
  • To declare your main function, use this statement:
int main() {

+ Let's break this down a bit:

  • int is the return type, an integer. Whenever you create a function, the return type tells you what type of data it will send back to the program.
  • main is the name of the function. Note that you can't just name any function main; is is special and is only used once.
  • The parenthesis () hold what data to send into a function. The main function doesn't need anything, so leave this blank.
  • The opening and closing curly braces {} signify where the program starts ({) and ends (}). all the things you want in the function go there.

Output to the screen

  • Ok, ok. You want to actually do something. Here I will tell you how to output text to the screen. Note that this gives you plain, uncustomized text to the screen. BORING.
  • To do this, use the following line.
cout << something;
  • cout will send output to the screen, to display something, put the content inside double quotes "" and BE SURE TO END YOUR LINE WITH A SEMICOLON. I can't stress that enough.
    Here's an example:
std::cout << "Hello World!";
//if you don't want to have to put std::, put using namespace std; outside of the main function.
//Also, make sure that the << are facing toward cout. If you don't, you get a lot of nasty errors.

Now, if you want to make a new line, use endl in this fashion:

cout << "Hello World!" << endl;
//Also, make sure that you use another set of <<.
  • Or, use the escape sequence \n inside the double quotes.

That's all folks!

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ipastrano (30)

@Highwayman Yep! It's here! Sorry I didn't post on Saturday, but I'm glad it came together!