Not long ago, I was a beginner to python. I was eager to make games, but had a hard time finding how to create certain elements of the game, such as choosing a random number or shuffling a list. That is when I discovered that there was no special tutorial in most places to teach you how to do these simple things. So thus, a tutorial by me (obviously) to help in things that don't have special tutorials.
(These are things I found useful)
CHOOSING A RANDOM NUMBER
To do this, at the top of your code, type in
import random. This is what you call a module. Basically, a module is a bunch of functions that you can import to use in your code.
For example, if you want to make a variable called
x, and assign in to a random number, you would do the following:
This is assigning a random integer or number between 0 and 10 to
So to create a random integer, first
import random, then
randomvar=random.randint(start point, end point)
So what ever random number you want, just remember the
CHOOSING A RANDOM ITEM FROM A LIST
To do this, instead of typing
random.randint(), you type
For example, if I had a list like this:
And I wanted to assign assign a variable called
y to a random item from the
fruit list, I would type the following:
SHUFFLING A LIST
If I wanted to shuffle
fruit, just do the following:
WAITING A FEW SECONDS
import time. Now if we want to wait between two
In this case, it will print 'hi', wait 1 second, then print 'bye'.
PS- I made it wait only 1 second, but it can sleep for as long as you want by entering a different number in the
CLEARING THE TERMINAL
import os then type
os.system('clear'). This will clear the terminal.
COLOURS IN PYTHON
Thanks to @Bookie0 for reminding me to add colours
I wanted to to do this a lot when I started out with python, but I couldn't find anywhere that told me how to print coloured text. But after a little snooping around in other people's repls when posted, figured it out.
red = "\033[0;31m" green = "\033[0;32m" yellow = "\033[0;33m" blue = "\033[0;34m" magenta = "\033[0;35m" cyan = "\033[0;36m" white = "\033[0;37m" bright_black = "\033[0;90m" bright_red = "\033[0;91m" bright_green = "\033[0;92m" bright_yellow = "\033[0;93m" bright_blue = "\033[0;94m" bright_magenta = "\033[0;95m" bright_cyan = "\033[0;96m" bright_white = "\033[0;97m"
This is a list of colour values in python (copy and paste them into your code). To do an example, let's
print('I am blue text') in blue (obviously). To
print(Blue,'I am blue text')
We can use any colour or effect we want, from the above list.
Below are some additional effects and ways you can
underline = "\033[4m" italic = "\033[3m" darken = "\033[2m" invisible='\033[08m' reverse='\033[07m' reset='\033[0m'
Feel free to experiment with the colours and different types of text decoration.
Hope you liked it :)
Comments, upvotes and feedback are appreciated :)